View the entire High Cholesterol Wellness Plan
Beta-Sitosterol (Plant Sterols)
Phytosterols have been found to effectively lower LDL-C, having a greater effect when combined with physical activity than either intervention alone.34,35
Suggested dose: 1-2g per day, sometimes incorporated as part of a trans-fat free spread.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Increased consumption of DHA and EPA has been associated with reductions in subclinical atherosclerosis and significant improvements in a number of cardiovascular risk factors, including lipids, blood pressure, and inflammatory markers.24,25,26 For individuals with high cholesterol, EPA lowered the risk of heart disease, especially for those patients who had both low HDL-C and elevated triglycerides.27
Suggested dose: EPA/DHA 1-2g per day in a 2:1 or 1:1 ratio. Dosage should be increased to 3g per day if triglycerides are also high.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) - Ubiquinol
This mitochondrial nutrient not only improves cardiovascular risk, at a dosage of 100-200mg per day, it reduces the muscle damage associated with statin drug therapy.31,32
Suggested dose: 100-200mg per day
N-Acetyl Cysteine and L-Arginine
These two nutrients appear to target cellular stress and improve the health of the endothelium (the inner lining of blood vessels). Taken together, they improved LDL-C and HDL-C, blood pressure, as well as oxidized LDL-C.33
Suggested dose: 2-4g per day l-arginine (in divided doses), and NAC 600mg twice per day.